Originally known as the Flavian Amphitheatre, The Colosseum is one of the greatest examples of Roman architecture and engineering.
Construction on The Colosseum began between 70 and 72 AD under emperor Vespasian. The Colosseum was completed in 80 AD by his son and emperor Titus. It is the only amphitheatre to be called The Colosseum and no other amphitheatre can be referred to by the same name. Its name comes from its enormous size and the fact that there was once a giant statue of Nero on the side of it.